Article 14218

Title of the article

THE HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN OF FRANCOPHONIE AS A SOCIAL MOVEMENT IN PROTECTION OF THE FRENCH
LANGUAGE AND FRENCH CULTURE (1880–1950) 

Authors

Naletova Darina Vladimirovna, Postgraduate student, Tambov State University named after G. R. Derzhavin (33 Internatsionalnaya street, Tambov, Russia), iskralive@yandex.ru 

Index UDK

433.93 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2018-2-14

Abstract

Background. One of the most defining and at the same time the most controversial factors of the world development in the second part of the 20th and in the first part of the 21st centuries became globalization. The overwhelming majority of scientists recognize its deepest transformative impact on socio-economic and sociopolitical processes. A clear manifestation of globalization has been the unprecedented increase in the processes of internationalization and unification, the expansion of interdependence between individual countries and peoples, the formation of numerous international organizations and associations of states on the basis of common
economic, political and socio-cultural interests. One of the interesting examples of modern integration is the international organization Francophonie, the creation of which was officially proclaimed in 1970. Therefore, the aim of the work is to reveal the historical features and projects of the creation of the international organization Francophonie following the impact of France’s cultural policy on the prevailing number of countries in the French space.
Materials and methods. The realization of research tasks was achieved on the basis of the use of primary sources collected in the electronic archive of Francophonie, memoirs and letters by L. Senghor, the father of Negritude and Francophonie in general, as well as documents stored in the archives of the University Agency of Francophonie. The methodological potential includes: a relatively historical method, a statistical method, and analysis.
Results. We revealed the origins of the concept of “francophonie”, analyzed the features of French cultural policy in the colonial period and noted how the phenomenon of “decolonization” had influenced on the development of Francophonie.
Conclusions. The historical analysis of the traditions of the influence of French cultural policy in relation to its allies and colonies (missionary propaganda of French culture and French as the language of “religion”, the principles of the French education system without imposing religious fanaticism, etc.) shows that France’s colonialism and expansionism had not aggressive character, but carried the signs of soft power. This information led to the fact that in the concept of the ideology of Francophonie includes sociocultural factors which can be distinguished as well as the spread of the French language and cultural and linguistic diversity in the world; peace, democracy, human rights; education and science. 

Key words

francophonie, international organizations, France, colonialism, decolonialization 

 

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References

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Дата создания: 18.01.2019 08:40
Дата обновления: 18.01.2019 14:53